Text semantics are frequently addressed in text mining studies, since it has an important influence in text meaning. However, there is a lack of secondary studies that consolidate these researches. This paper reported a systematic mapping study conducted to overview semantics-concerned text mining literature. Thus, due to limitations text semantic analysis of time and resources, the mapping was mainly performed based on abstracts of papers. Nevertheless, we believe that our limitations do not have a crucial impact on the results, since our study has a broad coverage. A word cloud3 of methods and algorithms identified in this literature mapping is presented in Fig.

text semantic analysis

The authors also discuss some existing text representation approaches in terms of features, representation model, and application task. The set of different approaches to measure the similarity between documents is also presented, categorizing the similarity measures by type and by unit . The review reported in this paper is the result of a systematic mapping study, which is a particular type of systematic literature review . Systematic literature review is a formal literature review adopted to identify, evaluate, and synthesize evidences of empirical results in order to answer a research question.

What is semantic analysis in Natural Language Processing?

This could mean, for example, finding out who is married to whom, that a person works for a specific company and so on. This problem can also be transformed into a classification problem and a machine learning model can be trained for every relationship type. This is an automatic process to identify the context in which any word is used in a sentence. In natural language, a single word could take on several meanings. For example, the word light could mean ‘not dark’ as well as ‘not heavy’. The process of word sense disambiguation enables the computer system to understand the entire sentence and select the meaning that fits the sentence in the best way.

What are the examples of semantic analysis?

The most important task of semantic analysis is to get the proper meaning of the sentence. For example, analyze the sentence “Ram is great.” In this sentence, the speaker is talking either about Lord Ram or about a person whose name is Ram.

MonkeyLearn makes it simple for you to get started with automated semantic analysis tools. Using a low-code UI, you can create models to automatically analyze your text for semantics and perform techniques like sentiment and topic analysis, or keyword extraction, in just a few simple steps. When combined with machine learning, semantic analysis allows you to delve into your customer data by enabling machines to extract meaning from unstructured text at scale and in real time. With the ever-increasing volume of user-generated text (e.g., product reviews, doctor notes, chat logs), there is a need to distill valuable semantic information from such un-structured sources. We initially focus on product reviews, which conceptually consist of concepts such as “screen brightness”, and user opinions on these concepts such as “very positive”.

Systematic mapping summary and future trends

The term semantics has been seen in a vast sort of text mining studies. However, there is a lack of studies that integrate the different branches of research performed to incorporate text semantics in the text mining process. Secondary studies, such as surveys and reviews, can integrate and organize the studies that were already developed and guide future works. Except for the difficulty of the sentiment analysis itself, applying sentiment analysis on reviews or feedback also faces the challenge of spam and biased reviews. One direction of work is focused on evaluating the helpfulness of each review.


The visualisation provides an overarching view of the main topics while allowing and attributing deep meaning to the prevalence individual topic. This study presents a novel approach to summarization of single and multiple documents. The results suggest the terms ranked purely by considering their probability of the topic prevalence within the processed document using extractive summarization technique.

We hope this guide has given you a good overview of sentiment analysis and how you can use it in your business. Sentiment analysis can be applied to everything from brand monitoring to market research and HR. It’s helping companies to glean deeper insights, become more competitive, and better understand their customers. For those who want a really detailed understanding of sentiment analysis there are some great books out there.

It is the first part of semantic analysis, in which we study the meaning of individual words. It involves words, sub-words, affixes (sub-units), compound words, and phrases also. All the words, sub-words, etc. are collectively known as lexical items. Therefore, in semantic analysis with machine learning, computers use Word Sense Disambiguation to determine which meaning is correct in the given context. Automated semantic analysis works with the help of machine learning algorithms. By knowing the structure of sentences, we can start trying to understand the meaning of sentences.

Basic Units of Semantic System:

The number of people and the overall polarity of the sentiment about, let’s say “online documentation”, can inform a company’s priorities. For example, they could focus on creating better documentation to avoid customer churn and stay competitive. Semantic analysis is the understanding of natural language much like humans do, based on meaning and context.

  • With the advent and popularity of big data mining and huge text analysis in modern times, automated text summarization became prominent for extracting and retrieving important information from documents.
  • Hybrid sentiment analysis systems combine natural language processing with machine learning to identify weighted sentiment phrases within their larger context.
  • The CyberEmotions project, for instance, recently identified the role of negative emotions in driving social networks discussions.
  • Natural language processing is a critical branch of artificial intelligence.
  • The method relies on analyzing various keywords in the body of a text sample.

Thematic analysis is the process of discovering repeating themes in text. A theme captures what this text is about regardless of which words and phrases express it. For example, one person could say “the food was yummy”, another could say “the dishes were delicious”. Costs are a lot lower than building a custom-made sentiment analysis solution from scratch.